ONDC Commerce
ONDC Commerce
ONDC Unveiled: Revolutionizing India’s E-commerce Landscape

As of 2024, ONDC has successfully onboarded thousands of sellers and aims to connect with over 50 million consumers across India, challenging the dominance of established e-commerce platforms and creating a vibrant, competitive marketplace.

This sentence provides a statistical perspective on ONDC’s reach and impact, illustrating its role in promoting inclusivity and competition within the digital commerce space. 

With its inclusive approach, ONDC has facilitated a surge in economic opportunities for small and medium-sized businesses, contributing significantly to India’s socio-economic growth.

1. The Genesis of ONDC

2. How ONDC Works

3. ONDC’s Impact on Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs)

4. AskanTech’s Role in Enhancing SME Integration with ONDC

5. Challenges and Solutions

6. Comparison with Traditional E-commerce Models

7. The Future of E-commerce with ONDC

8. Wrap Up

 

1. The Genesis of ONDC

The inception of ONDC can be traced back to the rapid growth of India’s digital economy, which highlighted the urgent need for an inclusive platform that could accommodate the diverse landscape of Indian retailers. 

As e-commerce giants began to solidify their hold on the market, the government recognized the potential for a monopolistic environment that could stifle innovation and limit consumer choice. 

ONDC was envisioned as a solution to these challenges, aiming to empower smaller players and promote a vibrant ecosystem of digital commerce. 

Recognizing this trend, the Indian government, by 2025, aimed to leverage ONDC to integrate over 50% of India’s retail businesses into the digital economy, targeting to uplift both urban and rural markets by fostering equal opportunities.

2. How ONDC Works

How ONDC works

At its core, ONDC operates on a set of open protocols that establish a decentralized network, seamlessly connecting buyers, sellers, and other service providers without favoring any single entity. This innovative architecture is the backbone of ONDC, ensuring that all transactions within the network are transparent and efficient, thereby promoting fair competition among all participants.

Decentralized Network: Unlike traditional e-commerce platforms that centralize operations under one corporate entity, ONDC’s decentralized approach allows for a direct connection between buyers and sellers. 

This means that any retailer, regardless of size, can sell products without intermediaries, directly reaching their customers.

Open Protocols: These protocols are essentially the rules and standards that enable different software platforms to communicate with each other. 

By adhering to these open protocols, ONDC ensures interoperability among diverse e-commerce services and platforms, allowing them to join the network regardless of their underlying technology.

Transparency and Efficiency: The system is designed to record transactions in a manner that is open and verifiable, ensuring trust among all parties. 

Efficiency is achieved through streamlined processes that reduce the need for manual interventions and simplify transactions, making the marketplace more accessible.

Inclusivity and Diversification: By lowering entry barriers for new sellers, ONDC aims to significantly expand India’s digital commerce base, bringing millions more enterprises into the online fold. 

This expansion is expected to diversify the e-commerce ecosystem, offering consumers a wider range of products and services.

3. ONDC’s Impact on Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs)

The Open Network for Digital Commerce (ONDC) is set to revolutionize the business landscape for small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in India. 

By democratizing digital commerce, ONDC provides SMEs with a unique opportunity to tap into a nationwide market, challenging the dominance of larger corporations and creating a more level playing field.

India boasts the world’s third-largest base of online shoppers, with over 140 million e-retail consumers in 2020, trailing only behind China and the United States.

 Despite this significant consumer base, e-retail penetration in India stands at just 4.3%, markedly lower than in countries like China (25%), South Korea (26%), and the UK (23%). 

This gap underscores the vast potential for growth in India’s e-commerce sector and highlights the critical role ONDC could play in unlocking this potential by facilitating easier access for SMEs to the digital marketplace.

Nationwide Market Access: ONDC enables SMEs to reach customers across India, breaking geographical barriers that previously limited their market presence. 

This is especially transformative for sectors where artisans and local vendors have found it challenging to gain visibility online. For example, a local pottery maker could leverage ONDC to access a nationwide audience, significantly increasing sales and business growth.

Competitive Equality: The platform ensures that SMEs can compete directly with larger companies, offering them a fair chance to showcase their products and services. This direct competition encourages innovation and improves the quality of offerings to consumers.

Economic Contribution: The digital empowerment of SMEs through ONDC is anticipated to have a substantial positive impact on India’s economy. 

By increasing digital transactions among SMEs, ONDC could contribute to boosting India’s GDP by several percentage points in the coming decade, highlighting the economic significance of integrating SMEs into the digital economy.

The initiative by ONDC to include SMEs in the digital commerce ecosystem marks a pivotal shift towards inclusive economic growth. It not only supports the expansion of small businesses but also enriches the market with diverse, unique products and services, benefiting consumers and the national economy alike.

4. AskanTech’s Role in Enhancing SME Integration with ONDC

In this evolving landscape, AskanTech plays a crucial role by aligning its innovations in AI with ONDC’s goals. Now Askantech started to provide service on the integration of ONDC, supporting the seamless integration of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) with ONDC.

Leveraging its expertise in developing robust, scalable platforms, AskanTech has contributed to enhancing the digital presence and market reach of these businesses. This collaboration aims to bolster the infrastructure of ONDC, enhancing the security, transparency, and personalization of the e-commerce experience. 

By doing so, AskanTech ensures that SMEs can fully leverage the benefits offered by ONDC, further driving economic growth and innovation within India’s digital commerce sector.

5. Challenges and Solutions

While ONDC’s potential is vast, its implementation comes with challenges, such as ensuring widespread adoption and overcoming initial technological hurdles. 

To address these issues, the government and participating entities have rolled out extensive educational campaigns and technical support services designed to ease the transition for smaller retailers. 

Additionally, incentives for early adoption and success stories of SMEs thriving on the ONDC platform are highlighted to encourage more businesses to join. 

Recognizing the digital divide, ONDC is also focusing on integrating vernacular language support and user-friendly interfaces to ensure inclusivity, aiming to reach millions of non-English speaking users and bringing them into the e-commerce fold.

6. Comparison with Traditional E-commerce Models

traditional ecommerce

The traditional e-commerce model often revolves around a central marketplace that controls access to consumers and dictates terms to sellers. 

In contrast, ONDC’s open network model eliminates such centralization, reducing dependency on specific platforms and thereby dismantling monopolistic tendencies. 

This approach not only benefits sellers by reducing fees and increasing their control over customer relationships but also benefits consumers by offering a wider array of choices and competitive pricing. 

Moreover, this democratization of digital commerce through ONDC fosters innovation by enabling smaller companies to introduce unique products and services without the constraints of platform fees or restrictive policies. 

Additionally, it accelerates digital inclusion by enabling businesses from all regions of India, including rural and underserved areas, to participate in the national and global digital economy, thus promoting equitable economic growth.

7. The Future of E-commerce with ONDC

Looking ahead, ONDC is poised to redefine the e-commerce ecosystem in India, marking a significant shift towards integrating cutting-edge technologies like artificial intelligence and blockchain. These advancements promise to deliver personalized shopping experiences and secure, transparent transactions, setting the stage for a transformative impact on digital commerce both nationally and globally.

Technological Integration: The evolution of ONDC is expected to harness artificial intelligence for crafting personalized shopping journeys while leveraging blockchain technology to ensure these transactions are secure and transparent. 

This dual approach aims to elevate the e-commerce experience, making it more tailored and trustworthy for users across India.

Global Benchmarking: As ONDC matures, its comprehensive and open approach could serve as a model for digital commerce platforms worldwide, inspiring similar initiatives that prioritize openness and inclusivity in the digital marketplace.

Enhancing ONDC with AskanTech’s Expertise: In this evolving landscape, AskanTech plays a crucial role by aligning its innovations in AI and blockchain with ONDC’s goals. 

This collaboration aims to bolster the infrastructure of ONDC, enhancing the security, transparency, and personalization of the e-commerce experience. AskanTech’s commitment to advancing these technologies supports ONDC’s mission to create a more inclusive and innovative digital commerce environment.

Economic Growth and Inclusivity: The impact of ONDC is vividly illustrated through success stories, such as a Bengaluru-based artisan who experienced a significant boost in sales and market reach. 

These stories underscore ONDC’s ability to empower artisans and small businesses, connecting them with a broader national audience. This not only drives regional economic growth but also showcases the platform’s commitment to bridging the gap between traditional craftsmanship and the modern digital marketplace.

8. Wrap Up

ONDC represents a bold step towards reshaping India’s digital commerce landscape into a more equitable, efficient, and inclusive environment. 

By fostering fair competition, encouraging innovation, and empowering SMEs, ONDC is not just revolutionizing e-commerce in India but also setting a precedent for digital marketplaces globally. 

As it continues to evolve, ONDC’s impact on India’s economy, society, and the broader digital ecosystem will undoubtedly be profound and far-reaching.